Where Does Urinary Tract Infection Come From?
Disclaimer: Not medical or professional advice.
Women suffer from Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) 8 times more often than men since their urethra is much shorter and wider, so it is much easier for pathogenic microbes to get up into the bladder.
Bacteria Are Evil And Good
The mucous membrane of the bladder has strong immunity guarded by lacto— and bifidobacteria. Usually, this line of defense is enough to repel the microbes' invasion. But as soon as the local immunity weakens, the number of Good bacteria decreases, and the bladder stays unprotected. And then the Aggressors attack. Trauma, stress, excessive alcohol intake, chronic lack of sleep, fatigue, change of sexual partner, poor hygiene, and chronic diseases (diabetes mellitus or caries) can undermine the defense potential of the mucous membrane.
Recent studies by American scientists have identified a link between chronic UTI and depression. It turned out that people suffering from depression are 2 times more likely than others to suffer chronic UTI.
- Frequent urination and irresistible urge.
- Burning sensation or soreness while urinating; pain is usually felt above the pubic bone and in the lower back.
- Frequent urination at night; The urine is usually cloudy, and about 30% of people with UTI have blood in it.
- Lower abdominal pain.
- The presence of pus in the urine (revealed by the results of laboratory tests).
- Sick people (especially children) sometimes cannot hold urine.
Suppose you feel a pain in the lower abdomen, frequent, painful urination (sometimes mixed with blood), or severe pain radiating to the anus or perineum. In that case, you should immediately consult a doctor. Thanks to timely and adequate antibacterial treatment, it will be possible to forget about the disease in a few days. Alas, many do otherwise — they take painkillers and do not go to the doctor. And after a couple of weeks, they are happy to find that the symptoms have subsided and then completely disappeared. Unfortunately, this is not a sign of recovery, but only a sign that acute UTI has turned into a chronic form, which usually proceeds with blurred symptoms: without severe pain and discomfort. In this case, it isn't easy to establish the correct diagnosis, and even more so to recover. Prolonged inflammation in chronic cystitis can lead to pyelonephritis (inflammation of the kidneys) and sometimes leads to the need for surgery.
Everything Has Passed — The Time To Do The Tests
Since in more than 80% of cases, the cause of UTI is bacterium E. coli or colon bacillus, antibacterial treatment of acute cystitis is prescribed immediately, right after an express test in the clinic. But after a course of antibiotics, it is imperative to do a bacterial urine culture test - to make sure that there is no causative agent of the disease, which means that the infection is completely cured. Only then can you have a peaceful sleep.
How to Prevent a Urinary Tract Infection
- To prevent the transition of UTI to a chronic form, it is necessary to follow a few simple rules.
- Choose natural, comfortable underwear (and no thongs - their cut makes it easier for E. coli to enter the bladder and no tight, skinny jeans as well).
- Watch your diet: the diet should contain fruits and vegetables - due to the content of vitamins and organic acids, the body's resistance to infections increases.
- Drink plenty of fluids — water speeds up the metabolism and removes toxins from the body faster.
- Treating chronic inflammatory diseases: frequent tonsillitis, chronic tonsillitis, and carious teeth are bad for health.
UTI is a disease that requires an immediate response and proper drug therapy. An incorrectly chosen antibiotic or the wrong dose will make the treatment at least useless and at the most dangerous: it will cause drug resistance in bacteria and drive the infection into a dormant state.
At Lake Conway, you can take an express test to receive an accurate diagnosis. And Dr. Dang will select the proper treatment so that you can get rid of UTI in 6-8 days.
5 Main Symptoms Of UTI In Children
Inflammation of the bladder mucous membrane — UTI, occurs in children quite often. Statistics confirm that more than a quarter of all babies face this ailment at least once before adulthood. Most often, children aged 4-12 years get sick. During this period, their genitourinary system is actively changing, and therefore the path of entry for infections becomes easier.
The causes of UTI in children, as in adults, can be very diverse, but most often, the disease is bacterial in nature. The causative agents in babies can be staphylococcus, streptococcus, Escherichia coli, ureaplasma, chlamydia, and other pathogenic bacteria that have entered the genitourinary system. The pathways of penetration of the pathogenic flora are most often ascending (from the urethra to the bladder), less often - descending (from the kidneys), and hematogenous (through the blood).
The difficulty of timely diagnosis of the initial stage of UTI in children lies in the fact that babies still do not know how to listen to their bodies and analyze their signals. Therefore, infectious diseases of the genitourinary system are detected even when the signs of the disease are unambiguous.
- An increase in body temperature to subfebrile.
- Complaints of pain in the tummy.
- Burning and discomfort during urination.
- Frequent visits to the toilet (several times per hour).
- Change in the transparency and color of urine and the presence of any inclusions in it.
If you find at least one of the above symptoms of UTI in children, you should start the treatment as early as possible. The sooner you see a doctor and start therapy, the sooner the ailment will stop bothering the child.
We recommend not delaying the doctor's visit because if you postpone the treatment of UTI in children, this will allow the disease to progress and spread further. As a result, the infection can affect the kidneys, which will provoke a more serious condition — pyelonephritis.