Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children

Disclaimer: Not medical or professional advice.

ADHD is a brain disorder that causes a psychiatric condition in children. Problems arise when children need to concentrate or follow general rules. Parents often complain about above-normal levels of activity and energy, inattention, poor academic performance, relationship problems. And this list of complaints does not end there. Children with ADHD need support and understanding from their families, teachers, psychologist, and medical team.

  • According to a study by the American Psychiatric Association, between 3% and 11% of US schoolchildren are diagnosed with ADHD. For example, 9 out of 100 students are more likely to have ADHD.
  • In 25-30% of cases, children outgrow ADHD.
  • About 50% of children with ADHD continue to have symptoms into adulthood. However, it becomes more manageable.
  • In rare cases, ADHD can develop into psychopathy. It is characterized by personality changes, severe social problems, and addictions.

The History of ADHD

An early description of ADHD was noted in 1798 by Scottish physician Sir Alexander Crichton, who called it Mental Restlessness. A century later, in 1902, a British pediatrician noticed that some children of normal intelligence could not control their behavior. He described the condition as An Abnormal Defect of Moral Control in Children.

The first report on psychostimulant treatment was published in 1937. Due to pronounced neurological signs, the disorder was called Minimal Brain Damage (MBD). Later, the condition was renamed Minimal Brain Dysfunction (MBD) since patients did not have any anatomical brain damage. In 1980, the syndrome was called ADHD in the international psychiatric classification.

How does ADHD Affect the Brain?

Since ADHD is a neurological disorder, the symptoms can be observed not only externally but also internally, in the brain. Major disruptions occur in the frontal lobes of the child's brain. They are responsible for control, self-regulation, decision-making, planning, behavior. Frontal lobe disorders cause a ripple effect to the coordinated work of other parts of the brain - the cerebellum (movement disorder) and the temporal lobes of the brain (behavioral disorders, anxiety, impulsivity). These factors help physicians treat ADHD symptoms. Drug therapy can affect the damaged areas of the patient's brain and control their correct functioning.

In summary, it is important to remember that children with ADHD are psychologically vulnerable. Besides, hyperactivity is the body's method of compensating for disturbances in the brain. If you notice a few symptoms of ADHD in your child, make sure you talk to your child's physician about it. Or book a consultation at Lake Conway through the feedback form.

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